Coal refinement with remote-head metering pumps in condensing systems

In process engineering, various tasks include the metering and circulation of media with critical properties such as high temperature or high abrasiveness. For the injection of coal slurry in coal conversion plants, coal is ground to dust and mixed with oil or solvent to produce a suspension which is usually abrasive and very hot. Regular metering pumps, due to their compact design, are not suitable for such tasks because they can’t keep away the critical conditions from the metering pumps’ displacer system.

However, exactly this is necessary in order to meter the fluid safely as well as protect operating personnel and the system. LEWA metering pumps with remote head are used in these applications because their design separates valve head from pump drive.


Remote-head metering pumps are used for coal injection because they offer the following benefits:

  • Reliable operation thanks to spatial separation of the valve head and displacement system
  • A falling hydraulic connecting line (if necessary, with cooling jacket) prevents sedimentation in the fluid chamber.
  • A flushing pump keeps slurry particles away from the plunger seal.
  • The hermetic seal of our pump technology ensures reliable conveyance of potentially hazardous substances, which are required for the chemical reaction (e.g. hydrocyanic acid or hydrogen sulfide).
  • Any gas bubbles that have accumulated are carried away through the gas removal valve and into the main line by a small discharge flow.
Coal production


How and why is coal refined?

Coal refinement enables the production of various successor products from coal. Raw lignite cannot be used until it has been processed in a coal refinery, for example, by being made into briquettes, pulverized lignite or fluidized-bed lignite.

One kind of coal refinement is coal liquefaction, which uses the Fischer-Tropsch method, among others. For this, the coal must first be gasified at temperatures over 1000 °C while steam and air or oxygen are fed. The resulting synthetic gas is then cooled. During this process, phenol, liquid ammonia, carbon dioxide, hydrogen sulfide, hydrocyanic acid and organic components are removed from the gas. Then the synthetic gas is converted into hydrocarbons (such as paraffins and alcohols) in a heterogeneous catalytic reaction.

A Fischer-Tropsch synthesis results in various end products such as synthetic gasoline, diesel, heating oil and diverse raw materials for the chemical industry.


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